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♦Abstract not available at time of publication.

2:45 pm- Break Tamiami Lounge

3:00 pm

3:00 pm- Startup, Testing, and Operation of the Santa Clara 2MW Direct

3:20 pm Carbonate Fuel Cell Demonstration Plant 16

A. Skok, Fuel Cell Engineering Corporation, Santa Clara, CA, T. O'Shea, SCDP, Santa Clara, CA and A. Leo, Fuel Cell Engineering Corporation, Danbury, CT

3:20 pm- ARGE DFC - A European Approach to MCFC Commercialization 20

3:40 pm P. Kraus, G. Huppmann, MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH, Munich, GERMANY

3:40 pm- Progress and Prospects for Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Power Plants 24

4:00 pm L. Bonville, G. Scheffler, and M. Smith, International Fuel Cells Corporation, South Windsor, CT

4:00 pm- Questions and Answers 4:20 pm

SESSION n-B

1:15 pm- SOFC R&D Kissimmee/St. Cloud Hall

4:20 pm Convention Center Chain Kevin Krist GRI

Co-Chair: W. Carey Smith USDOE

1:15 pm- Opening Remarks 1:25 pm

1:25 pm- Advances in Hibular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology 28

1:45 pm S. Singhal, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA

1:45 pm- Status of SOFC Development at Siemens 32

2:05 pm W. Drenckhahn, L. Blum and H. Greiner, Siemens AG Power Generation Group, Erlangen, GERMANY

2:05 pm- Development Status of Planar SOFCs at SANYO 36

2:25 pm Y. Miyake, M. Kadowaki, Y. Akiyama, T. Yasuo, S. Taniguchi, K. Nishio, Sanyo Electric Company, Ltd., Osaka, JAPAN and M. Harada, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), JAPAN

2:25 pm- Questions and Answers 2:45 pm

2:45 pm- Break Tamiami Lounge

3:00 pm

3:00 pm- AlliedSignal Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology 40

3:20 pm N. Minh, K. Barr, P. Kelly and K. Montgomery, AlliedSignal Aerospace Equipment Systems, Torrance, CA

3:20 pm- Technical Problems to Be Solved Before the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Will Be 3:40 pm Commercialized 44

C. Bagger, Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, DENMARK, N. Christiansen, Haldor Topsoe A.S, Lyngby, DENMARK, R Hendriksen, Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, DENMARK, E. Jensen, S. Larsen, Haldor Topsoe AJS, Lyngby, DENMARK and M. Mogensen, Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, DENMARK

3:40 pm- Development of Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 48

4:00 pm W.T. Bakker and R. Goldstein, EPRI, Palo Alto, CA

4:00 pm- Questions and Answers 4:20 pm

4:30 pm- POSTER SESSION ONE Florida Hall

6:30 pm

Chain Ed Beyma USDOE

POSTERS PIA - Power Plant Applications and Demonstrations

1) Development of lOOOkW-Class MCFC Pilot Plant 51 M. Ooue, H. Yasue, MCFC Research Association, Mie Pref., JAPAN, K. Takasu and T. Tsuchitori, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo, JAPAN

2) Integrating Fuel Cell Power Systems into Building Physical Plants 55 J. Carson, KCl Technologies, Inc., Hunt Valley, MD

3) Special Considerations on Operating a Fuel Cell Power Plant Using

Natural Gas with Marginal Heating Value 59

M. Ng, C. Lin, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Chutung, Hsinchu County, TAIWAN, R.O.C., and Y. Cheng, Taiwan Power Company, Shu-Lin, Taipei County, TAIWAN, R.O.C.

4) Development of 200kW Multi-Fuel Type PAFC Power Plant 63 T. Take, Y. Kuwata, M. Adachi, and T. Ogata, NTT Integrated Information and

Energy Systems Laboratories, Tokyo, JAPAN

5) Operation Result of 40kW Class MCFC Pilot Plant 67 H. Saitoh, S. Hatori, M. Hosaka and H. Uematsu, Ishikawajima-Harima

Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Tokyo, JAPAN

6) Trial Operation of a Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PC25) for CHP

Applications in Europe 71

M. Uhrig, W. Droste and D. Wolf, Ruhrgas AG, Dorsten, GERMANY

7) Dynamic Simulation of a Direct Carbonate Fuel Cell Power Plant 75 J. B. Ernest, Fluor Daniel, Inc., Irvine, CA, H. Ghezel-Ayagh and A. Kush,

Fuel Cell Engineering, Danbury, CT

8) Results of 200 kW Fuel Cell Evaluation Programs 79 J. Torrey, G. Merten, Science Applications International Corporation,

San Diego, CA, M. Binder, F. Holcomb, W. Taylor, U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories, Champaign, IL and M. Bowers, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY

9) Power Conversion and Quality of the Santa Clara 2 MW Direct

Carbonate Fuel Cell Demonstration Plant 83

A. Skok, Fuel Cell Engineering Corporation, Danbury, CT, R. Z. Abueg, Basic Measuring Instruments, Santa Clara, CA, P. P. Schwartz, Fluor Daniel, Inc., Irvine, CA, P. H. Eichenberger, The City of Santa Clara California, Santa Clara, CA, and M. N. Brodie, Fluor Daniel Wright, Ltd., Vancouver,

10) Making the Grid The Backup: Utility Applications for Fuel Cell Power 87 S. L. Eklof, Sacramento Municipal Utility District, Sacramento, CA

11) Development of a 10 kW PEM Fuel Cell for Stationary Applications 91 H. Barthels, J. Mergel, H. F. Oetjen, V. M. Schmidt and U. Stimming, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH (KFA), Jülich, GERMANY

12) Demonstration of an On-Site PAFC Cogeneration System with

Waste Heat Utilization by a New Gas Absorption Chiller 95

T. Urata, Tokyo Gas Company, Ltd. Tokyo, JAPAN

13) Operating a Fuel Cell Using Landfill Gas 99

C. E. Trippel, Northeast Utilities Service Company, Berlin, CT, J. L. Preston, Jr., J. Trocciola, International Fuel Cells, South Windsor, CT and R. Spiegel, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC

14) Electrical Power Systems for Distributed Generation 103 T. A. Robertson and S. J. Huval, Stewart & Stevenson Services, Inc., Houston, TX

15) A Preliminary Design and BOP Cost Analysis of M-C Power's

MCFC Commercial Unit 107

T. P. Chen, Bechtel Corporation, San Francisco, CA

16) High Pressure Operation of Tbbular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and

Their Integration with Gas Itorbines 111

C. Haynes and W. J. Wepfer, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

1) Effect of Microstructure on the High Temperature Mechanical Properties of (CeOJo^GdO^o^ Electrolytes 115

N. Sammes and Y. Zhang, The University of Waikato, Hamilton, NEW ZEALAND

2) Improvement of SOFC Electrodes Using Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conductors

Y. Matsuzaki and M. Hishinuma, Tokyo Gas Company, Ltd., Tokyo, JAPAN

3) Application of Impedance Spectroscopy to SOFC Research

G. Hsieh, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, T. O. Mason, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, and L. Pederson, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA

4) Manufacturing of Planar Ceramic Interconnects

B. L. Armstrong, G. W. Coffey, K. D. Meinhardt and T. R. Armstrong, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA

5) Mechanical Properties of Lanthanum and Yttrium Chromites

S. W. Paulik and T. R. Armstrong, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA

6) Fabrication and Characteristics of Unit Cell for SOFC

G.-Y. Kim, S.-W. Eom, S.-I. Moon and M.-S. Yun, Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Kyongnam, KOREA and H.-C. Lim, K.E.P.R.I., Taejon, KOREA

7) Design and Performance of lübular Flat-Plate SOFC

T. Matsushima, D. Ikeda, H. Kanagawa, NTT Interdisciplinary Research Laboratories, Tokyo, JAPAN and A. Komura, NTT Advanced Technology, Tokyo, JAPAN

8) Study on Durability for Thermal Cycle of Planar SOFC M. Ando, K. Nakata, S. Wakayama, Y. Someya and T. Yoshida, TONEN Corporation, Saitama, JAPAN

9) Measurement of Residual Stresses in Deposited Films of SOFC Component Materials

T. Kato, A. Momma, S. Nagata, and Y. Kasuga, Electrotechnical Laboratory, Ibarbrysonaki, JAPAN

10) Characterization of Ceria-Based SOFCs

R. Doshi, J. Routbort and M. Krumpelt, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

11) Improvement of the Long Term Stability in the High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using Functional Layers

B. Bruckner, C. Gunther, R. Ruckdäschel, and H. Schmidt, Siemens AG, Erlangen, GERMANY, E. Fendler, German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR), Stuttgart, GERMANY

12) Effect of Ionic Conductivity of Zirconia Electrolytes on Polarization Properties of Various Electrodes in SOFC

M. Watanabe, H. Uchida and M. Yoshida, Yamanashi University, Kofu, JAPAN

13) Development of Osaka Gas Type Planar SOFC 163 M. lha, A. Shiratori, O. Chikagawa, H. Takagi, Y. Sakabe, Murata Manufacturing

Co., Ltd., Shiga, JAPAN and K. Akagi, Osaka Gas Co., Ltd., Kyoto, JAPAN '

14) Development of Cofired Type Planar SOFC 167 H. Taira, S. Sakamoto, H.-B. Zhou, H. Nakai, S. Towata, H. Takagi, and

Y. Sakabe, Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Shiga, JAPAN

15) Power Generation Characteristics of Tabular Type SOFC By Wet Process 171 H. Tajin and T. Nakayama, Kyushu Electric Power Company, Inc., Fukuoka,

JAPAN, M. Kuroishi, A. Ueno, M. Aizawa, Toto, Ltd., Kanagawa, JAPAN, K. Eguchi and H. Arai, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, JAPAN

16) Realisation of an Anode Supported Planar SOFC System 175 H. P. Buchkremer, U. Diekmann, L. G. J. de Haart, H. Kabs, U. Stimming, and D. Stover, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH (KFA), Jülich, GERMANY

17) LaCr03-Dispersed Cr for Metallic Interconnect of Planar SOFC 179 R.-H. Song, D. R. Shin, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Taejon,

KOREA and M. Dokiya, National Institute of Materials and Chemical Research, Ibaraki, JAPAN

18) Ztek's Ultra-High Efficiency Fuel Cell/Gas Tbrbine System for Distributed Generation 183

M. Hsu, D. Nathanson, Ztek Corporation, Waltham, MA, D. Bradshaw, D. Stephenson, Tennessee Valley Authority, Chattanooga, TN and R. Goldstein, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA

19) Status of the TMI SOFC System 187 R. Ruhl, M. Petrik, and T. Cable, Technology Management, Inc., Cleveland, OH

20) Modifying Zirconia Solid Electrolyte Surface Property to Enhance

Oxide Transport 190

B. Y. Liaw and S. Y. Song, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI

21) Development of lOkW SOFC Module 194 N. Hisatome, and K. Nagata, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Nagasaki,

JAPAN, S. Kakigami, Electric Power Development Co., Ltd., Tokyo, JAPAN, H. Omura, Electric Power Development Company, Inc., Kitakyushu, JAPAN

22) Structure<->Property Relationships in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 198 W. Huebner, D. Reed and H. Anderson, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO

23) Manufacture of SOFC Electrodes by Wet Powder Spraying 202 R. Wilkenhöner, L. G. J. de Haart, W. Mallener, H. Buchkremer Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, GERMANY

24) Status of SOFCo Planar SOFC Technology Development 206 R. Privette, SOFCo, Alliance, OH, M. Perna, K. Kneidel, J. Hartvigsen,

S. Elangoven, A. Khandkar, SOFCo, Salt Lake City, UT

POSTER PIC — Manufacturing and Operating Experience

1) Imhex Fuel Cell Repeat Component Manufacturing Continuous Improvement Accomplishments

L. A. Jakaitis, V. J. Petraglia, E. S. Bryson, J. F. Czerwien, G. H. Garcia, K. Katsman, E. B. Petersen, and S. L. Woods, M-C Power Corporation, Burr Ridge, IL

1) Influence of Impurity Gases and Operating Conditions on PAFC Performance

K. Hirai, N. Iwasa, M. Suzuki and O. Okada, Osaka Gas Co., Ltd., Osaka, JAPAN, M. Matsumoto, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Hyogo, JAPAN

2) Estimation of Current Density Distribution of PAFC by Analysis of Cell Exhaust Gas

S. Kato, and A. Seya, Fuji Electric Corporation, Chiba, JAPAN and A. Asano, Fuji Electric Corporate Research & Development, Ltd., Kanagawa, JAPAN

3) Acids Distribution in Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells

I. Okae, A. Seya and M. Umemoto, Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., Chiba, JAPAN

4) Development of Portable Fuel Cells

K. Nakatou, S. Sumi, and N. Nishizawa, Sanyo Electric Company, Ltd., Osaka, JAPAN

5) Evaluation of the Performance Degradation at PAFC Investigation of Dealloying Process of Electrocatalysts with In-situ XRD

N. Nakajima, Fuji Electric Company, Kofu, JAPAN, H. Miyoshi, Mitsubishi Electric Co., K. Nishizaki, Tokyo Gas Company, Ltd., T. Kitai, Toshiba Company, Tokyo, JAPAN, H. Uchida and M. Watanabe, Yamanashi University, Kofu, JAPAN

6) Evaluation of the Performance Degradation at PAFC Effect of Electrolyte Fill-Level on Electrode Performance

T. Kitai, Toshiba Co., Tokyo, JAPAN, K. Nishizaki, Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., Tokyo, JAPAN, and N. Nakajima, Fuji Electric Co., H. Miyoshi, Mitsubishi Electric Co., H. Uchida and M. Watanabe, Yamanashi University, Kofu, JAPAN

7) Evaluation of the Performance Degradation at PAFC Effect of Catalyst Degradation on Electrode Performance

K. Nishizaki, Tokyo Gas Company, Ltd., T. Kitai, Toshiba Co., N. Nakajima, Fuji Electric Co., H. Miyoshi, Mitsubishi Electric Co., H. Uchida and M. Watanabe, Yamanashi University, Yamanashi, JAPAN

8) Evaluation of the Performance Degradation at PAFC Effect of Operating Conditions on Acid Loss

H. Miyoshi, Mitsubishi Electric Co., N. Nakajima, Fuji Electric Co., T. Kitai, Toshiba Co., K. Nishizaki, Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., H. Uchida and M. Watanabe, Yamanashi University, Yamanashi, JAPAN

9) Development of the Electric Utility Dispersed Use PAFC Stack 246

H. Horiuchi, I. Kotani, Mitsubishi Electric Co., Kobe, JAPAN, I. Morotomi, M. Ogawa and O. Yamanishi, Kansai Electric Power Co., Hyogo, JAPAN

10) Development of On-Site PAFC Stacks 250 K. Hotta, Y. Matsumoto, Kansai Electric Power Company, Amagasaki, JAPAN,

H. Horiuchi and T. Ohtani, Mitsubishi Electric Co., Kobe, JAPAN

11) Evaluation of the Electrode Performance for PAFC by Using Acid

Absorption, Acceleration and AC-Impedance Measurements 254

C.-S. Kim, R.-H. Song, B.-W. Choi, D.-R. Shin, and S.-H. Choi, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Taejon, KOREA

5:30 pm- Exhibits Open (Posters Remain Open Until 6:30 pm) Exhibit Hall 7:30 pm

7:30 pm- Manufacturers Reception Poolside 2

9:30 pm Hibiscus Court

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