Evaluating Blasting Damage

4.1 Pre-Blast and Post-Blast Surveys

4.2 Effective Surveys

4.3 Types of Damages Caused by Blasting

4.4 Flyrock Damage

4.5 Surface Blast Craters

4.6 Air Concussion Damage

4.7 Air Shock Wave Damage

4.8 Ground Vibrations

4.9 Blast Monitoring with Seismographs

4.10 Blasting Study by U.S. Bureau of Mines, Bulletin 442

4.11 Blasting Study by U.S. Bureau of Mines, Bulletin 656

4.12 Safe Blasting Formula from Bulletin 656

4.13 OSM Modifications of the Safe Blasting Formula in Bulletin 656

4.14 Human Perception of Blasting Noise and Vibrations

4.15 Damages Typical of Blasting

4.16 Types of Damage Often Mistakenly Attributed to Blasting

4.17 Continuity

Further Information and References

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