General Operations

1. Review operation of long steam lines to remote single-service applications. Consider relocation or conversion of remote equipment, such as steam-heated storage tanks.

2. Review operation of steam systems used only for occasional services, such as winter-only steam tracing lines. Consider use of automatic controls, such as temperature-controlled valves, to assure that the systems are used only when needed.

3. Implement a regular steam leak survey and repair program.

4. Publicize to operators and plant maintenance personnel the annual cost of steam leaks and unnecessary equipment operations.

5. Establish a regular steam-use monitoring program, normalized to production rate, to track progress in reduction of steam consumption. Publicize on a monthly basis the results of this monitoring effort.

6. Consider revision of the plant-wide steam balance in multipressure systems to eliminate venting of low-pressure steam. For example, provide electrical backup for currently steam-driven pumps or compressors to permit shutoff of turbines when excess low-pressure steam exists.

7. Check actual steam usage in various operations against theoretical or design requirement. Where significant disparities exist, determine the cause and correct it.

8. Review pressure-level requirements of steam-driven mechanical equipment to evaluate feasibility of using lower pressure levels.

9. Review temperature requirements of heated storage vessels and reduce to minimum acceptable temperatures.

10. Evaluate production scheduling of batch operations and revise if possible to minimize startups and shutdowns.

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