Appendix 151

Typical Thermal Conductivity Curves Used in Sample Calculations*

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Mean temperature (°F)

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Mean temperature (°F)

Fig. 15.A1 Calcium silicate.

Mean temperature i°F)

Fig. 15.A2 Fiberglass pipe insulation.

Fig. 15.A2 Fiberglass pipe insulation.

Mean temperature (°F)

Fig. 15.A3 Fiberglass board, 3 lb/ft3.

*Current manufacturers' data should always be used for calculations.

The savings for the economic thickness is 49.77 $/ hi ft/ yr and the reduction in Carbon Dioxide emissions is 1608 lbs/lnft/yr.

References

1. American Society for Testing and Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards: Part 18—Thermal and Cryogenic Insulating Materials; Building Seals and Sealants; Fire Test; Building Constructions; Environmental Acoustics; Part 17—Refractories, Glass and Other Ceramic Materials; Manufactured Carbon and Graphite Products.

2. W.H. McADAMS, Heat Transmission, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1954.

3. E.M. SPARROW and R.D. CESS, Radiation Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978.

4. L.L. BERANEK, Ed., Noise and Vibration Control, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1971.

5. F.A. WHITE, Our Acoustic Environment, Wiley, New York, 1975.

6. M. KANAKIA, W. HERRERA, and F. HUTTO, JR., "Fire Resistance Tests for Thermal Insulation," Journal of Thermal Insulation, Apr. 1978, Technomic, Westport, Conn.

7. Commercial and Industrial Insulation Standards, Midwest Insulation Contractors Association, Inc., Omaha, Neb., 1979.

8. J.F. MALLOY, Thermal Insulation, Reinhold, New York, 1969.

9. American Society for Testing and Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 18, STD C-585.

10. J.F. MALLOY, Thermal Insulation, Reinhold, New York, 1969, pp. 72-77, from Thermon Manufacturing Co. technical data.

11. L.B. McMlLLAN, "Heat Transfer through Insulation in the Moderate and High Temperature Fields: A Statement of Existing Data," No. 2034, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, 1934.

12. Economic Thickness of Industrial Insulation, Conservation Paper No. 46, Federal Energy Administration, Washington, D.C., 1976. Available from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock No. 041-018-001158).

13. ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc., New York, 1972, p. 298.

14. NAIMA 3 E's Insulation Thickness Computer Program, North American Insulation Manufacturers Association, 44 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 310, Alexandria, VA 22314.

15. P. Greebler, "Thermal Properties and Applications of High Temperature Aircraft Insulation," American Rocket Society, 1954. Reprinted in Jet Propulsion, Nov.-Dec. 1954.

16. Johns-Manville Sales Corporation, Industrial Products Division, Denver, Colo., Technical Data Sheets.

17. ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA, 1992, p.22.16.

18. W.C.Turner and J.F. Malloy, Thermal Insulation Handbook, Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co. And McGraw Hill, 1981.

19. Ahuja, A., "Thermal Insulation: A Key to Conservation," Consulting-Specifying Engineer, January 1995, p. 100-108.

20. U.S. Department of Energy, "Industrial Insulation for Systems Operating Above Ambient Temperature," Office of Industrial Technologies, Bulletin ORNL/M-4678, Washington, D.C., September 1995.

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