2072 Kyoto Protocol

The United States ratified the United Nations' Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is also known as the Climate Change Convention, on December, 4, 1992. The treaty is the first binding international legal instrument to deal directly with climate change. The goal is to stabilize green house gases in the atmosphere that would prevent human impact on global climate change, The nations that signed the treaty come together to make decisions at meetings call Conferences of the Parties. The 38 parties are grouped into two groups, developed industrialized nations (Annex I countries) and developing countries (Annex 11). The Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement reached in Kyoto in 1997 by the third Conference of the Parties (COP-3), aims to lower emissions from two groups of three greenhouse gases: Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide and the second group of hydrofluorocarbon (HFCs), sulfur hexafluoride and perfluorocarbons. Emissions are meant to be reduced and limited to levels found in 1990 or 1995, depending upon the gases considered. The requirements will impact future clean air amendments, particularly for point sources. These requirements will further impact the implementation of distributed generation sources, which are discussed in the following section.

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