Learn How To Survive Energy Crisis

Blackout USA

This unique book tells you everything you need about how to survive a massive, nation-wide blackout. You will learn how to come out on the other side of the blackout totally unscathed, and keep your family safe and everyone you love protected. When a blackout hits, the way of life that we are used to in America is vastly affected; almost everything that we have come to rely on is hit. Are you currently able to prepare food without the aid of an oven or stove? Can you keep food edible even if there is no way to refrigerate it? How will you communicate if an EMP suddenly takes out every form of communication and renders cellphones and other means of communication useless? You will learn how to do all of these things and more, should the power fail on you and your family. Read more...

Blackout USA Overview


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Off Grid Survival System

Off Grid Survival System is a guide that will show you how to keep your family well fed, secured and warm withot having to rely on the corrupt energy corporation. Youre going to find out how you can finally take control and free yourself from the monthly bloated energy bill you have to pay. As world nations economy teeters on the verge of collapse and most families now experience economical problem, this method will be the power grid that will continue to work. Its guaranteed in keeping your family safe while facing a disaster time. Frank Mitchell is a member of US Armed Forced and a certified off grid disaster survival expert. You'll learn: Why you should live in modern society but not rely on the corporate power companies to keep your home warm and lit. How to take a queue from our ancestors to save money and increase the safety of your home. They had it right 200 years ago, and then we got lazy. On page 7 you'll learn how to assess the exact amount of power you need to keep your home running just the same as it is right now. You don't have to live like a pauper or a backwoods hippie to get off the grid you just have to be smart, and I'll show you how. How to replace your reliance on propane and natural gas in 1 simple step. Natural gas and propane may seem convenient and cheap right now, but they both have a massive problem. You can't create either one when the utility company stops supplying them to you. All of your gas reliant appliances, like your furnace will be dead in the water when the gas stops flowing. The true value of your hot water heater. Guess what, it's not what you think it is. Your hot water heater is one of the most valuable pieces of equipment in your home, but you're using it all wrong right now. You'll see how to turn that big dumb tank into a multi-purpose heating tool using nothing more than some black spray paint and a box. And the best part is you can usually find them for free! How to beat the sun at it's own game and keep your water toasty warm even on the coldest days. Many people think that cold and clouds are the enemy of solar water heating, but when you follow my simple plan on page 16 you'll be able to defy the very laws of nature.The sneaky trick you'll use to keep your home warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer without having to buy a single piece of equipment. All it takes is a roll of duct tape and you'll have everything you need.

Off Grid Survival System Overview

Contents: Ebook
Author: Frank Mitchell
Official Website: offgridsurvivalsystem.com
Price: $37.00

134 Us Dependence On Foreign

The importance of searching for alternative energy sources cannot be overemphasized, and sooner or later, there will be another energy crisis if we, the people of the earth, do not reduce our dependence on oil. Today's industries, particularly the transportation industry, are heavily dependent on oil, the reserve

171 Introduction And Background

Many authors and experts focus on the mid-70s with its energy crisis as the spawning ground of today's IAQ problems. Skyrocketing energy costs led to tight building construction which resulted in drastic reductions in ventilation air and infiltration. This yielded the early expression Tight Building Syndrome. Unfortunately, this label was not only misleading, it was inadequate in providing a full explanation for the issue. It resulted in the focus of blame on ventilation and its inherent energy cost as being the cause all fix all of indoor air quality. This is simply not the case, then or now as we enter the new millennium.

276 Research and Development

The oil embargo of 1973, in which limits were placed on shipments from producing countries to consuming countries, had a sobering effect on the world. It prompted a flurry of activity aimed at expanding the use of alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass, and oil shale, along with conservation. Easing of the energy crisis reduced the pressure to find substitutes, and as oil prices fell automobile travel increased. Use of energy in general is dominated by current economics. If prices are high, energy is used sparingly if prices are low, it is used freely without concern for the future. Ultimately, however, when the resource becomes more and more scarce and expensive its use must be curtailed to such an extent that social benefits are reduced. If no new sources are found, or if no renewable sources are available, the quality of existence regresses and man is brought back to a primitive condition. The use of fossil fuels over the long term is dramatically portrayed by the...

122 Justification Of Emcss

Traditionally, a commercial building is constructed by one party (a developer) owned by a second party (investors) and operated by a third party (a facilities management firm). Typically, the building will have one electric meter and a central heating plant. Therefore, total energy cost must be included in the rental structure. Before the 'first energy crisis' and energy was cheap, lessees typically paid a flat rental charge based on square footage rented and nobody paid much attention to operating hours of the HVAC and lighting systems.

Historical Perspective

In the mid-1970s, when electric powered systems were at their zenith in market share, the electric industry was hit by the first of several price shocks. First, the energy crisis created by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) oil embargoes during the late 1970s took a great toll on electricity generation costs. Because the overall electric production distribution process is only about 30 or 35 efficient, skyrocketing fuel costs contributed to rising electricity costs.

245 Effect of Deregulation and Restructuring

I.e., reliability is maintained and costs to users is reduced. The process of integrated resource planning (IRP) is required at the state level. The new law thus accelerates the process of utility industry restructuring that had been evolving since the energy crisis of the 1970s.

422 Basic Design for Photovoltaic Systems

Grid-connected systems do not present any specific challenge to the experienced electrical system designer. The PV system is designed with priority given to local loads with any surplus either sold to the utility or stored on-site. Interconnection safeties and code factors must be accommodated in the design. Off-grid systems require additional attention because no grid backup Examples of off-grid PV applications include water pumping for potable water supply and irrigation, power for stand alone homes, street lighting, battery charging, telephone and radio communication relay stations, weather stations, etc. Additional examples include electrical utility switching stations, peak electrical utility power where environmental quality is a concern, data acquisition systems, and critical load such as ventilation fans, vaccine refrigeration, etc.

3212Thermophotovoltaic Burner Emitter

Radiated from an incandescent source directly to electricity. This method of generating electricity is similar to solar electric systems except for the source of radiant energy. In TPV, the energy source is a man-made emitter. The emitter is heated to the desired temperature to optimize the energy conversion. The heater can be heated by many sources including fuel combustion or chemical or nuclear reactions. Photocells convert the thermal energy to electricity. TPVs are lightweight portable, mechanically simple, efficient, and quiet. They are attractive for residential, light industrial, appliance, and recreational power supply cogeneration applications. Viable applications include (1) off-grid remote power, (2) self-propelled appliances such as furnaces and water heaters, (3) small power generators for recreational vehicles and boats, (4) back-up power for critical loads such as communications, and (5) portable generators such as battery chargers for remote commercial and military...

254 Controls and Communications Dispatchability

Stirling generators also operate very well off-grid as battery chargers. The generator can run continuously, charging a battery bank, to handle peak loads that may be greater than the engine's capacity. Many photovoltaic (PV) systems are installed in this fashion but require a large number of batteries, since they can only provide charging power when the sun is shining. A Stirling generator can run day and night, thereby requiring a minimum amount of batteries. Since the generator doesn't need to be shut down, the required amount of batteries is far less than even gasoline and diesel generator systems need. When an engine is run off-grid, system electronics can automatically activate the generator when battery voltage drops below a preset threshold and shut it down again once the battery bank is fully charged. AC power can be easily obtained from a battery bank by using an inverter. Generators in this type of system can easily power off-grid homes, remote monitoring equipment, or...

255Utility Interfacing

As previously noted, Stirling generators can be used for both on- and off-grid applications. It is left to the utility companies and their customers to decide what is most appropriate. Stirling generators are reliable enough that a utility company may consider leasing a unit to a remote off-grid customer, thus avoiding the costs of building power lines or larger generators on site. An off-grid Stirling micro-cogeneration system is a very reliable and cost-effective solution for providing heat and power in a remote location. Stirling engines require no maintenance, so there is basically nothing the end user has to do to it once the system is installed. The utility can also choose the fuel used by the generator and make certain it is available to the customer. Reliable, maintenance-free, silent operation and a long operating life are some important advantages Stirling generators offer the utility that cannot be found in conventional small-scale generators. Utility companies in areas...

Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment with Attached Microbial Films

Twenty years ago, no evidence existed to suggest that dilute wastewater could be treated anaerobically at an ambient temperature. Prodded by the 1973 energy crisis, Jewell (1981) and co-workers converted a fluidized-bed reactor for anaerobic methane fermentation and studied municipal sewage treatment (Jewell, Switzenbaum, and Morris 1979).


The scenario turned in favor of EVs in the early 1970s, as gasoline prices increased dramatically due to an energy crisis. The Arab oil embargo of 1973 increased demands for alternate energy sources, which led to immense interest in EVs. It became highly desirable to be less dependent on foreign oil as a nation. In 1975, 352 electric vans were delivered to the U.S. Postal Service for testing. In 1976, Congress enacted Public Law 94-413, the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development and Demonstration Act of 1976. This act authorized a federal program to promote electric and hybrid vehicle technologies and to demonstrate the commercial feasibility ofEVs. The Department ofEnergy (DOE) standardized EV performance, which is summarized in Table 1.1.

124 1980s AND 1990s

Motivated by the pollution concern and potential energy crisis, government agencies, federal laboratories, and the maj or automotive manufacturers launched a number of initiatives to push for ZEVs. The partnership for next-generation vehicles (PNGV) is such an initiative (established in 1993), which is a partnership of federal laboratories and automotive industries to promote and develop electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The most recent initiative by the DOE and the automotive industries is the Freedom CAR initiative.


In 14 member countries of the International Energy Agency, the pv installations are being added at an average annual growth rate of 27 percent. The total installed capacity increased from 54 MW in 1990 to 176 MW in 1995. The IEA estimates that by the end of 2000, 550 MW of additional capacity will be installed, 64 percent off-grid and 36 percent grid-connected (Figure 3-9).

722 SNG from Coal

The energy crisis of the 1970s and the accompanying concerns about a shortage of natural gas gave rise not only to intensive research into hydrogenating gasification systems but also a large number of projects for the manufacture of synthetic natural gas (SNG). Of these only one was ever built, in Beulah, North Dakota. The plant still operates today and in 2000 has broken new ground by making the CO2 from the acid-gas removal unit available for enhanced oil recovery (Dittus and Johnson 2001). Given the current availability of natural gas it is unlikely that another SNG facility will be built in the near- or even medium-term. Nonetheless it is instructive to look at a number of issues connected with its manufacture from coal.

131 Introduction

The building energy management (BEMS) concept was introduced in the early 1970s during the world's first big energy crisis. The oil crisis was the driving force of the intelligent building. It was the first sign of the rising awareness that energ y resources are exhaustible. The second driving Jo rce of int elligent building was the raising awareness of environmental pollution by inefficient consumption of energy in production lines as well as in buildings in the beginning of the 1980s.

251 Design

When employed as a remote battery charger (Figure 2.11), a Stirling-powered generator can run continuously and requires only one-quarter the amount of batteries required for a gasoline or diesel system. This configuration could power a remote telecommunications relay, an automated pipeline monitoring station, or an off-grid home.

Living Off The Grid

Living Off The Grid

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