References cited in this section

3. Survey by Master Chemical Corp., 1992 Regulatory Trends

The 1970s saw the passage of numerous legislative efforts to improve worker health and safety and protect the environment. The Occupational Safety and Health Act, National Environmental Protection Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Drinking Water Act, Clean Air Act, Toxic Substances Control Act, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act ("Superfund"), and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act are just a few.

This regulatory trend has carried on into the 1990s, but with a slightly different emphasis. Initially, the greatest impact was felt by chemical producing companies. Now, chemical user industries, including the metalworking industry, are being more directly affected by the regulation of chemicals. Regulations such as the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (worker right-to-know) and the EPA rules for the Emergency Response and Community Right-To-Know Act place considerable responsibilities on all manufacturing sectors that use chemicals in their processes, not just on the chemical makers. These responsibilities include education and training of workers, use of proper labels and material safety data sheets, written plans, maintenance of inventory records, and submission of inventory and release data. All metalworking fluids will be covered by many of the regulations to some degree or another, so users of cutting and grinding fluids will find themselves subjected to many of these regulations. To determine which regulations apply and to what degree takes a considerable amount of time, but the consequences of not complying can include fines and jail sentences.

Future regulations which the metalworking industry should carefully watch are OSHA reform, EPA management standards, the Great Lakes Initiative, the Clean Air Act, and the Oil Pollution Act.

Influence of Work Material Properties on Finishing Methods

K. Subramanian, World Grinding Technology Center, Norton Company

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