References cited in this section

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13. R. Murti et al., Electrodeposition of Iron-Chromium Alloy from Sulfate Solutions, J. Electrochem. Soc. India, Vol 38 (No. 1), 1989, p 6-10

14. T. Yoshida et al., Electrochemical Behavior of Electrodeposited Iron-Chromium Alloys, Asahi Garasu Kogyo Gijutsu Shoreikai Kenkyu Hokaku, Vol 17, 1970, p 195-209

15. T. Hayashi and A. Ishihama, Electrodeposition of Chromium-Iron Alloys from Trivalent Chromium Baths, Plat. Surf Finish., Vol 66 (No. 9), 1979, p 36-40

16. H. Kagechika et al., "Chromium Alloy Bath," U.S. Patent 4,673,471, June 1987

17. A.M. Kasaaian and J. Dash, "Effects of Chromium Electroplating Solution Composition on Properties of the Deposits," paper presented at Sur/Fin '85 (Detroit, MI), AESF Society, July 15-18, 1985

18. A.M. Kasaaian and J. Dash, "Chromium-Iron Alloy Plating Using Hexavalent and Trivalent Chromium Ion Solutions," U.S. Patent Application, May 1986

19. S. Hoshino et al., The Electrodeposition and Properties of Amorphous Chromium Film Prepared from Chromium Acid Solutions, J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol 133 (No. 4), 1986, p 681-685

20. P.K. Ng, "Iron-Chromium-Phosphorus Bath," U.S. Patent 4,758,314, July 1988

21. R.Y. Tsai and S.T. Wu, Amorphous Chromium Electroplating with Iron as an Alloying Agent, J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol 137 (No. 9), 1990, p 2803-2806

22. J.C. Kang and S.B. Lalvani, Electrodeposition and Characterization of Amorphous Fe-Cr-P-C Alloys, J.

Appl. Electrochem., Vol 22, 1992, p 797-794

23. C.H. Chisholm, Electrodeposition of Nickel-Chromium Alloys from Solvent Based Electrolytes--I: Review, Abstract No. 238, ExtendedAbstr., Vol 83 (No. 2), 1983, p 374-375

24. D.S. Lashmore, "Process and Bath for Electroplating Nickel-Chromium Alloys," U.S. Patent 4,461,680, July 1984

25. C.H. Chisholm and M.R. El-Sharif, Deposition of Chromium-Nickel Alloys from Dimethylformamide/Water Electrolytes, Plat. Surf. Finish., Vol 72 (No. 8), 1985, p 58-61

26. C.H. Chisholm and M.R. El-Sharif, Chromium-Nickel Codeposits from Dimethylformamide Baths Containing 10 Percent Water, Plat. Surf. Finish., Vol 72, 1985, p 82-84

27. A. Watson et al., "The Role of Chromium II and VI in the Electrodeposition of Chromium-Nickel Alloys from Trivalent Chromium-Amide Electrolytes," paper presented at Annual Tech. Conf. (Bournemouth, UK), IMF, April 15-19, 1986

28. I.A. Polunina and A.J. Falicheva, Nichrome Soluble Anode for Electrodeposition of Nickel-Chromium Alloys, Z Metallov, Vol 24 (No. 2), 1988, p 258-261

29. H. Ariga, Chromium Alloy Plating by Ion Exchange Membrane, Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, No. 86/00594, 1986

30. M. Kamata and A. Shigeo, Electroplating of Nickel-Chromium Alloys Using Chromic Complexes, Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, No. 86/113,788, 1986

31. I. Nakayama et al., A Study of Electroless Nickel-Chromium Alloy Plating Baths, Hyomen Gijutsu, Vol 43 (No. 9), 1992, p 835-838

32. C.E. Cedarleaf, Solution for Electroless Chromium Alloy Plating, U.S. Patent 4,028,116, June 1977

33. J. Gruberger et al., A Sulfate Solution for Deposition of Nickel-Chromium-Phosphorus Alloys, Surface Coat. Technol, Vol 53 (No. 3), 1992, p 203-213

34. K.L. Lin and J.K. Ho, Electrodeposited Nickel-Chromium and Nickel-Chromium-Phosphorus Alloys, J. Electrochem. Soc, Vol 39 (No. 5), 1992, p 1305-1310

35. B.A. Shenoi et al., "Electrodeposition of Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloy," Indian Patent 114,867, 1970

36. E. Terada, Improvement of Stainless Steel Plating Method, Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, No. 55-148,794, 1980

37. G.R. Schaer, "High Rate Chromium Alloy Plating, " World Patent 82103095, September 1982

38. L. Free, "Electrodeposition of a Stainless Steel Finish," paper presented at Annual Tech. Conf. (Bournemouth, UK), IMF, April 15-19, 1986

39. C.H. Chisholm and M.R. El-Sharif, Sustained Electrodeposition of Chromium-Nickel-Iron Ternary Alloys by Control of Transient Trivalent Chromium Levels, Proc. Sur./Fin. '87 (Chicago, IL), AESF Society, July 13-16, 1987

40. M. Yasuda et al., Electroplating of Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloys from the Chloride-Glycine Baths, Kinzuku Hyomen Gijutsu, Vol 39, 1988, p 19

41. T. Ishiguro and H. Ochiai, Studies on the Electrodeposition of Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloys from Sulfamate Solution - Part I, Puretingu to Kotingu, Vol 6 (No. 2), 1986, p 79-90

42. M. Matsuoko et al., Electrodeposition of Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloys, Plat. Surf. Finish., Vol 74 (No. 10), 1987, p 56-60

43. M.F. El-Shazly et al., "The Development of Electrodeposited Stainless Steel Type Alloys," Final Report of Multiclient Research Project, Battelle National Laboratory, December 30, 1986

44. J. Krüger and J.P. Nepper, Galvanic Deposition of Iron-Chromium-Nickel Alloy Using Modulated Current, Metalloberfläche, Vol 40, 1986, p 107-111

45. G.R. Smith and J.E. Allison, Jr., "Alloy Coating Method," U.S. Patent 4,601,795, July 22, 1986

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48. N.B. Berezin et al., Role of Complex Formation During the Cathodic Deposition of Zinc-Chromium

Electroplates from Acidic Glycine-Containing Baths, Zashch. Met., Vol 28 (No. 6), 1992, p 961-966

49. N.B. Berezin et al., Electrodeposition of Zinc-Chromium Alloy with a Pulsed Current, Zashch. Met., Vol 29 (No. 1), 1993, p 99-105

50. M. Matsumoto et al., Manufacturing of Corrosion-Resistant Steel Laminates, Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, No. 92/357439, 1992

51. M. Kimoto et al., Electroplating of Zinc-Chromium Alloy on Steel Sheet, Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, No. 93/09779, 1993

52. T. Komori et al., Manufacture of Steel Sheet Electroplated with Zinc-Chromium Alloy, Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, No. 92/36495, 1992

53. H. Sakai et al., Manufacture of Steel Sheet Electroplated with Zinc-Chromium Alloy, Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, No. 91/120393, 1991

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55. W.H. Safranek, The Properties of Electrodeposited Metals and Alloys, 2nd ed., The AESF Society, 1986

Multiple-Layer Alloy Plating

Daniel T. Schwartz, University of Washington

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