PAINTING is a generic term for the application of a thin organic coating to the surface of a material for decorative, protective, or functional purposes. Painting offers the following advantages over other processes used for the protection or decoration of metal parts and assemblies:

• The equipment required for applying paint is usually less expensive to buy and install, is simpler to operate, and requires less control.

• Material and labor costs per unit area of surface coated often are much lower.

• Organic coatings are available in a wide range of pigments and vehicles and can meet practically any coating requirement for color, gloss, or surface texture.

• Paints have been developed that can withstand most corrosive conditions, and unlike many metallic protective coatings, organic films can simultaneously resist more than one corrosive condition, such as combinations of marine atmosphere and acid fumes.

• Conventional paint films have good dielectric properties, which enable them to inhibit galvanic action between dissimilar metals. Conversely, paints are available that contain special pigments to provide conductivity suitable for grounding induced or static electricity.

• Paints have been developed to meet newer environmental regulations.

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