Introduction

FINISHING METHODS used to generate surfaces of work materials range from rough finishing to precision finishing to ultraprecision finishing, depending on the surface features or quality desired. For instance, stone is quarried by cutting processes, which are primarily rough finishing methods. The stone may then be precision finished to achieve the smooth surfaces used in tiles or furniture. If the stone is to be used for a machine tool bed or gaging plate, extreme control of tolerances and surface finish will be required, and an ultraprecision finishing method will probably be used to achieve the desired results. The ability to finish a work material through all these processes largely depends on the work material properties.

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