ALKALINE CLEANING is a commonly used method for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. Soils removed by alkaline cleaning include oils, grease, waxes, metallic fines, and dirt. Alkaline cleaners are applied by either spray or immersion facilities and are usually followed by a warm water rinse. A properly cleaned metal surface optimizes the performance of a coating that is subsequently applied by conversion coating, electroplating, painting, or other operations. The main chemical methods of soil removal by an alkaline cleaner are saponification, displacement, emulsification and dispersion, and metal oxide dissolution.

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