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Notification in Official Gazette

FIGURE 12.4 Flow of the JISC standardization process.

can participate can propose JIS draft can participate

FIGURE 12.4 Flow of the JISC standardization process.

standard is one that has the word international in its name (e.g., International Organization for Standardization, i.e., ISO). However, from a practical and profit-motive standpoint, any standard that is accepted internationally in the marketplace, regardless of country of origin or country of use is an international standard [11].

International standards are needed because the existence of multiple nonhar-monized standards for similar technologies in different countries or regions can contribute to so-called technical barriers to trade. Export-minded industries have long sensed the need to agree on world standards to help rationalized the international trading process. In the following discussion, international is used to refer to those standards institutions that are composed of entities or efforts from multiple nations.

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