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An excellent resource for additional CFCC information is the U.S. Advanced Ceramic Association (USACA). The people and companies producing CFCCs are represented by this trade association. Members include all companies with production capability in North America, even if their headquarters are elsewhere. Throughout its history, USACA has spent time educating policymakers in the executive and legislative branches of the federal government on the advantages and applications of CFCCs and advocating industry positions of interest.

In December 1998, USACA published a report entitled, Opportunities for Advanced Ceramics to Meet the Needs of the Industries of the Future. It reports the actual and potential applications of advanced ceramics, including CFCCs, in the chemical, forest products, steel, glass, aluminum, and metalcasting industries. The publication number for this report is DOE/ORO 2076 and is available from the U.S. Department of Energy, www.oit.doe.gov/catalog/.

3.6 SOURCES FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Honeywell Advanced Composites, Incorporated, PO Box 9559, Newark, DE, 19714-9559, www.honeywell-aci.com, Phil Craig, telephone (302) 456-6577, Fax (302) 456-6480, email [email protected]

Textron Systems, Incorporated, Two Industrial Avenue, Lowell, MA, 01851, Ray Suplinskas, telephone (987) 454-5600, Fax (978) 454-5632, email [email protected]

McDermott Technologies, Incorporated, Lynchburg Research Center-MC 76, PO Box 11165, Lynchburg, VA 24504, Richard Goettler, telephone (804) 5226418, Fax (804) 522-6980, email [email protected]

General Electric, Incorporated, Corporate Research and Development, Building K1-RM 3B4, 1 Research Circle, Niskayuna, NY 12309, Krishna Luthra, telephone (518) 387-6348, Fax (518) 387-7563, email [email protected]

COI Ceramics, Incorporated, 9617 Distribution Avenue, San Diego, CA 92121, Andy Szweda, telephone (858) 621-7463, Fax (858) 621-7451, email aszweda @coiceramics.com

United States Advanced Ceramics Association, Suite 300, 1800 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20036-5802, www.advancedceramics.org, telephone (202) 293-6253, Fax (202) 223-5537, email [email protected]

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technology, EE-23, Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20585, www.oit. doe.gov/cfcc, Sara Dillich, telephone (202) 586-7925, email [email protected] ee.doe.gov

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, www.ms.ornl.gov/programs/energyeff/cfcc/, Peter Angelini, telephone (865) 574-4565, Fax (865) 576-4963, email [email protected]

3.7 COLLABORATIVE PROGRAM

Continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composites were developed in a collaborative program that combined the experience and facilities of industry with the expertise and specialized talents available at universities and national laboratories. CFCC producers worked with users to determine appropriate formulas and processes for industrial applications. Universities and national laboratories had a supporting role, conducting the most basic studies such as composite design, material characterization, test method development, and investigation of performance-related phenomena.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technology (OIT), in communication with industry, initiated the CFCC program in 1992 as a 10-year collaborative effort between industry, national laboratories, academia, and government. The goal of the program is to advance processing methods for reliable and cost-effective ceramic composites to a point where industry will assume full risk of development and commercialization. The CFCC materials under development support the OIT Industries of the Future program, including chemical, steel, aluminum, metalcasting, forest products, glass, agriculture, and mining industries. Together, these industries consume 80% of the total U.S. manufacturing energy use. Industries that implement CFCC components in their applications will realize substantial energy, economic, and environmental benefits, including lower maintenance, higher efficiency, and decreased operating costs. Additional benefits accrue from optimization of process operating conditions, reduced downtime, and increased useful lifetimes.

Ten teams were established, headed by individual material suppliers, that included component manufacturers, end users, national laboratories, and universities.

Seventeen national laboratories and universities supported this activity with fundamental research, materials characterization, test methods, environmental exposure and other data, computer design codes, nondestructive inspection techniques, standards development, and life prediction techniques. Their basic research enabled fundamental understanding of CFCC chemistries and processing conditions. They are leading the creation of standards and aiding industry in developing procedures for determining material performance relationships. This activity was managed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Prior to the program, industry had only a concept of how to best reinforce ceramics. Some material suppliers had made small hand lay-ups that demonstrated a promising reinforcement. Today, the teams incorporate CFCCs into commercial products and customers are realizing the benefits envisioned at the start of the program. Numerous other applications are evaluating CFCCs. The thousands of hours of successful performance means that many of these other applications will soon go commercial.

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