Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

J. RANDOLPH KISSELL*

The TGB Partnership, 1325 Farmview Road, Hillsborough, North Carolina 27278 SYROS G. PANTELAKIS1

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras, Patras, Greece G. N. HAIDEMENOPOULOS1

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece

9.1 Description

9.1.1 Attributes

9.1.2 The Aluminum Association

9.1.3 Alloy and Temper Designation System

9.1.3.1 Wrought Alloys

9.1.3.2 Cast Alloys

9.1.3.3 Tempers

9.2 Properties

9.2.1 Physical Properties

9.2.2 Mechanical Properties

9.2.2.1 Minimum and Typical Mechanical Properties

9.2.2.2 Strengths

9.2.2.3 Modulus of Elasticity, Modulus of Rigidity, and Poisson's Ratio

9.2.2.4 Fracture Toughness and Elongation

9.2.2.5 Hardness

9.2.2.6 Fatigue Strength

9.2.3 Property Ratings

9.3 Products

9.3.1 Wrought Products

9.3.1.1 Flat Rolled Products (Foil, Sheet, and Plate)

9.3.1.2 Extrusions

*Sections 9.1- 9.5 tSection 9.6

Handbook of Advanced Materials Edited by James K. Wessel ISBN 0-471-45475-3 Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

9.3.1.5 Forgings

9.3.1.6 Electrical Conductors

9.3.2 Cast Products

9.3.2.1 Casting Types

9.3.2.2 Casting Quality

9.3.3 Aluminum Powder

9.4 Welding, Brazing, and Soldering

9.4.1 Welding

9.4.1.1 Gas-Shielded Arc Welding

9.4.1.2 Other Arc Welding Processes

9.4.1.3 Other Fusion Welding Processes

9.4.1.4 Arc Cutting

9.4.1.5 Resistance Welding

9.4.1.6 Solid-State Welding

9.4.2 Brazing

9.4.3 Soldering

9.5 Recent Developments

9.5.1 Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

9.5.2 New Aluminum Automotive Alloys

9.5.3 Aluminum Foam

9.5.4 Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites

9.5.5 Friction Stir Welding

9.5.6 Hydrotalcite Coatings

9.6 Corrosion and Hydrogen Embrittlement

9.6.1 Introduction

9.6.2 Experimental Procedures

9.6.2.1 Materials and Specimens

9.6.2.2 Corrosion Characterization Procedures

9.6.2.3 Mechanical Testing

9.6.2.4 Material Corrosion Characterization Procedure

9.6.2.5 Determination of Trapped Hydrogen

9.6.3 Results and Discussion

9.6.3.1 Microstructural Characterization of Corrosion

9.6.3.2 Tensile Behavior of Corroded Specimens

9.6.3.3 Fatigue Behavior of Corroded Specimens

9.6.3.4 Hydrogen Characterization

9.6.4 Concluding Remarks References

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