The backtoback double seal

This type of double seal (with back to back faces) is pressurized above the pressure inside the seal chamber (Figure 13-20). It is recommended for toxic, explosive, costly, dangerous, and volatile liquids. It is important to maintain the seal pressure above the pumped pressure-inside the seal chamber.

To obtain the benefits of this seal, it is necessary to install a gauge indicating the actual seal chamber pressure. Sensors and transmitters can be used to monitor and act on a pressure change. One of the two seals can fail without product loss or fugitive emissions. This seal would be connected to a pumping unit seen later in this chapter.

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