Thermodynamic Principle And Classifications

The gas turbine is an internal combustion engine differing in many respects from the standard reciprocating model. In the first place, the process by which a gas turbine operates involves steady flow; hence pistons and cylinders are eliminated. Secondly, each part of the thermodynamic cycle is carried out in a separate apparatus. The basic process involves compression of air in a compressor, introduction of the compressed air and fuel into the combustion chamber(s), and finally expansion of the gaseous combustion products in a power turbine. Figure 1 illustrates a simple gas turbine.

The Brayton, or Joule, Cycle Figure 2 shows an ideal Brayton, or Joule, cycle illustrated in PV and TS diagrams. This cycle is commonly used in the analysis of gas turbines.

The inlet air is compressed isentropically from point 1 to point 2, heat is added at an assumed constant pressure from point 2 to point 3, the air is then expanded isentropically in the power turbine from point 3 to point 4, and finally heat is rejected at an assumed constant pressure from point 4 to point 1. From Figure 2, the compressor work is h2 — hy the turbine work is h3 — h4 and the difference is the net work output. The heat input is h3 — h2. One can then derive an expression for thermal efficiency as follows:

In reality, the cycle is irreversible and the efficiency of the compression, combustion, and expansion must be taken into account. However, an examination of the thermal efficiency equation shows the need of high compressor and turbine efficiencies in order to produce an acceptable amount of work output. The importance of h3 is also readily apparent.

Survival Treasure

Survival Treasure

This is a collection of 3 guides all about survival. Within this collection you find the following titles: Outdoor Survival Skills, Survival Basics and The Wilderness Survival Guide.

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