Test Procedure

Agreements The specifications and contract should be very clear on any special points that must be covered by the pump testing. All interested parties shall be represented and given equal rights in regard to test date, setup, conditions, instrumentation, calibration of instruments, examination of pump and test setup, and accuracy of results and computations. Any controversial points or methods not provided for in the specifications should be resolved to the satisfaction of all interested parties before testing is begun.

In some special instances and by agreement between parties, an independent test expert may be engaged to take over full responsibility of the test stand and apparatus. This person will make all decisions after consultation with the interested parties and should be used only where an impasse is reached.

Normally, the manufacturer will establish the time and date for the pump tests. In some cases, the specifications will cover such items as duration, limiting date, and notification time. Reasonable notice must be given to all official witnesses or representatives. A 30-day notice is preferred, and one week should be considered a bare minimum.

Any time limitation regarding correction of mechanical defects or equipment malfunctions that arise during testing must be resolved by mutual agreement.

Observers and Witnesses Representatives from each party to the contract shall have equal opportunity to attend the testing. Where more than one representative from one of the parties is present, their function as observers, official witnesses, or representatives must be made clear before the start of testing. The number of representatives present from any one party shall not be a deciding factor when disagreements are being resolved. Any comments or constructive criticism from the observers and witnesses should be duly considered.

Inspection and Preliminary Operation All interested parties shall make as complete an inspection as possible before, during, and after the test to determine compliance with specifications and correct connection of all instrumentation. The following items should be inspected before or during the test:

• Impeller and casing passages

• Pump and driver alignment

• Piezometer openings

• Electrical connections

• Lubricating devices and system

• Wearing ring and other clearances

• Stuffing box or mechanical seal adjustment and leakage

This is not a complete list of items and should be taken as only a guide for the interested parties. Instruments installed on the pump to obtain the necessary test information shall not affect the pump operation or performance. If a question arises as to the effect an instrument has on the operation, it should be resolved by all parties. Where necessary, comparative preliminary tests can be conducted with the disputed equipment removed and then reinstalled. The dimensions at the piezometer connections on both the suction and discharge sides must be accurately determined to permit accurate determination of the velocity head correction.

On satisfactory completion of the preliminary inspection, the pump may be started. The pump and all instrumentation should then be checked for proper operation, scale readings, or evidence of malfunction. When all equipment and apparatus are functioning properly, a preliminary test run should be made. If possible, this run should be made at or near the rated condition. The correct procedures for observing and recording the data should be established during this run. Also, the time it takes to obtain steady test conditions is determined for use in the pump test runs. The acceptable deviations and fluctuations for test readings are given in the section named "Accuracy."

Suggested Test Procedure time AND date After tests have been decided upon, it is to the best interests of all parties to conduct them with the least delay. The contract normally will not give a time or date for the test, but will specify a completion date for submission or approval of a final test report.

personnel Pump testing, regardless of classification, should be carried out by personnel specially trained in the operation of the test equipment used. Representatives from each party to the contract shall be given equal opportunity to witness the test or tests and shall also have equal voice in commenting on the conduct of the tests or on compliance with specifications or code requirements where applicable.

schedule A schedule should be agreed upon by all parties in advance of the test. The schedule should be as complete a program as possible and give some particulars on the range of test heads, discharge rates, and speed to be used. This schedule should be flexible and subject to change, especially after the preliminary runs have been made.

inspection The pump and test setup should be thoroughly inspected both before and after the tests. special attention should be given to the hydraulic passages and pressure taps near the suction and discharge sections. Also, the discharge measuring device should be inspected.

calibration OF instruments While the setup is being inspected, all measuring devices should be calibrated and adjusted as explained under the section named "Instrumentation."

preliminary tests After it has been determined that the test setup complies with the installation and specification requirements and that the instrumentation is properly installed, the pump is started. A sufficient number of preliminary test runs should be made to check the functioning of the test stand and all control and measuring devices. These preliminary tests also give the test personnel and representatives an opportunity to check and adjust the entire setup and serve as a basis for agreements on accuracy and compliance. Each test point is held until satisfactory stable conditions exist. The acceptable fluctuations in test readings is covered under "Accuracy." It is suggested that preliminary computations be made, plotted, and analyzed prior to actual test runs. (Note: Most pump manufacturers will conduct a complete preliminary shop test to be sure of specifications and contractual compliance before inviting the purchaser's representatives to witness the official test.)

official test runs The test points for the official test runs must be sufficient in number to establish the head-discharge curve over the specified range and to provide any other data needed to compute or plot the information required by the specifications. it is suggested that one test run be as near the rated condition as possible and that at least three runs be in the specified operating range of the pump.

logging OF events In most instances, the official pump test is conducted by only two, three, or four test engineers, and no record other than test data is needed. in more complicated or important tests, it is sometimes very desirable to assign someone the task of recording and logging events as they occur. This is most important if reruns are required. complete records, including any notes or comments on inspection and calibration, shall be kept of all data, readings, observations, and information relevant to the test. A suggested form for shop and field tests is shown in Figure 28.

preliminary computations Sufficient preliminary computations should be made to determine whether all specification requirements have been met and whether reruns will be necessary.

reruns When the preliminary computations indicate that reruns are necessary, they should be run immediately or as soon as possible after the official test runs and with the same personnel, instruments, and devices. Sometimes mechanical or electrical faults will necessitate a rerun. If after correction of these faults several reruns indicate a change, a complete retesting may be required. Any official representatives shall have the right to ask for a rerun or be shown to their satisfaction that a rerun is not required.

computations, plotting reports These topics are discussed later in the text.

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Survival Treasure

This is a collection of 3 guides all about survival. Within this collection you find the following titles: Outdoor Survival Skills, Survival Basics and The Wilderness Survival Guide.

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