2183

(a )

FIGURE 1 Compression packing; (a) new packing installation, (b) installation variables, (c) installation after many adjustments

FIGURE 1 Compression packing; (a) new packing installation, (b) installation variables, (c) installation after many adjustments

As rotating equipment is operated, the load on the packing must be adjusted to control leakage (see Figure 1c). Care should be taken not to overtighten the packing. Most compression packings have a lubricant designed into them to prevent overheating of the packing or scoring of the shaft. Repeated adjustments will drive some of the lubricant from the packing, which will result in reduced operating time.

Compression packings are made of twisted, braided, woven, or wrapped elements formed into square or round cross-sections or other configurations. Square cross-sections are more common for rotating equipment.

A selection of the proper materials for the packing must include the chemical resistance to the product being sealed as well as the temperature, pressure, and shaft speed. Complete lists of the construction materials, packing lubricants and binders are given in Tables 1 and 2.

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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