Homemade Energy WISE Generator

The Wise Generator

The Wise Generator is a device that can virtually make use of almost anything in order to create energy whenever and wherever. Wise here stands for Whatever Input Steam Engine. This unique system uses a revolutionary mechanism that is known as Radial Pneumatic. It uses both vacuum and pressure to create endless stream of energy. It is equipped with specially designed pistons that also double up as valves. The result is that this machine weights lot less than a typical generator. Additionally, it can also be run on solar power, wood, simple air compressor, as well as geothermal heat. The W.I.S.E. Generator can not just make use of heat making it more reliable it also can run on vacuum to generate much more power this is in addition to its ability to utilize lots of types of potentially complimentary energy such as solar, water heat and Biomass you will likewise have to access to energy and electrical energy when electrical power heads out you are safe, when the gas pumps closes you are safe.

The Wise Generator Overview

Rating:

4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Ebook
Price: $47.00

Download Now

Steam Engines

The advent of electric motors, steam turbines, and other drivers has relegated the steam engine to a minor position as an industrial driver. It does have the advantages of reliability and operating characteristics that are not obtainable with other drivers but also the disadvantage of bulkiness and oily exhaust steam. The higher-efficiency expanding steam engines use cutoff valves to limit steam admission to the cylinder during the initial part of the stroke, and the expansion occurs during the remainder of the stroke. Larger engines use several cylinders in series to achieve full expansion. Although this type of engine can be controlled with throttling valves, the preferred method is to change the cutoff point, thus eliminating throttle-valve losses and permitting change in output from zero to maximum design power. Thus almost complete expansion is achieved at part loads and overloads, resulting in efficient operation for the full range of loadings. Although this type of engine is...

17General method of conversion of heat to work

Volume of a working fluid into which heat has been introduced by combustion of a fuel either external to the engine, as in a steam engine, or internally by the burning of a combustible mixture in the engine itself, a process giving rise to the phrase internal combustion (ic) engine.

112 industrial Revolution

The other effects on safety brought by industrialization resulted from new and more powerf ul energy sources. Although water and wind power was used in the Middle Ages, these forces were natural and believed to be understood. However, the steam engine was something new. The original condensation engine was sub-atmospheric, but with Watt's invention and Carnot's theory, the quest for higher steam pressure and temperature began.

13 Fuzzy Logic Control

The fuzzy logic has been an area of heated debate and much controversy during the last three decades. The first paper in fuzzy set theory, which is now considered to be the seminal paper on the subject, was written by Zadeh 61 , who is considered the founding father of the field. In that work, Zadeh was implicitly advancing the concept of human approximate reasoning to make effective decisions on the basis of available imprecise linguistic information 62 , 63 . The first implementation of Zadeh's idea was accomplished in 1975 by Mamdani 64 , and demonstrated the viability of fuzzy logic control (FLC) for a small model steam engine. After this pioneer work, many consumer products as well as other high tech applications using fuzzy technology have been developed and are currently available in Japan, the U.S. and Europe.

Useful work from a pump

The physicist James Watt is honored in the electrical community for the term Svatt'. He made various advancements and improvements to stationary boilers and steam engines. It is said that the first practical use of the steam engine was in raising (call it pumping) water out of the coalmines. Almost all mines would flood if the water were not pumped from the bilge, out of the mine. Before the steam engine, the miners used children and horses to lift and carry the bilge water. Many people confuse these terms, but they actually have precise definitions. If I should lift 10 pounds a distance of 10 feet, then I've performed 100-foot-pounds of work (10 pounds x 10 feet 100). Before the steam engine, the most powerful force to perform work, or exert a force, was a horse.

259Constant power TE speed curve

If the engine of a vehicle could be made to give its maximum power at all speeds then, since Power TE x Speed, it follows that the TE will be inversely proportional to the road speed. The graph of the TE plotted against the road speed would then be like the full line curve in Fig. 25.8. The TE curves for an actual engine and gearbox combination will touch this constant power curve at one point (corresponding to the engine speed at which the engine gives its maximum power), but will lie everywhere else inside it, as shown by the dotted line curves. The constant power curve is the ideal form of TE curve and its shape is approached by those of a steam engine and of traction electric motors it could be obtained with any engine if an infinitely variable gearbox of 100 efficiency were available.

Auxiliary Equipment

The prime mover is the unit that first converts an energy source into a mechanical force. Typical prime movers are internal combustion motors, gas turbines, water turbines, steam engines and electrical motors. The discussion will be limited to the prime movers that are most used in modern well drilling and production operations. These are internal combustion motors, gas turbine motors and electric motors.

244 Systems theory and design

The example shows a system boundary drawn to correspond to the boundary of the organisation. The fact that there are inputs and outputs across this boundary indicates that the system is an open one. Closed systems have no transactions across the system boundary. Consider a simple example, which compares these two main types. A steam engine's speed is controlled by a valve which controls the supply of steam. If the valve is adjusted by an attendant (an outside agent), the system is open, whereas if the valve is controlled by a governor responsive to the engine speed, the system is a closed one.

7243 Cogeneration System Selection and Sizing

To evaluate specific technologies, there exist a vast number of technology-specific manuals and references. A representative sample is listed as follows. Mackay (1983) has developed a manual titled Gas Turbine Cogeneration Design, Evaluation and Installation. Ko-vacik (1984) reviews application considerations for both steam turbine and gas turbine cogeneration systems. Limaye (1987) has compiled several case studies on industrial cogeneration applications. Hay (1988) discusses technical and economic considerations for cogeneration application of gas engines, gas turbines, steam engines and packaged systems. Keklhofer (1991) has written a treatise on technical and economic analysis of combined-cycle gas and steam turbine power plants. Ganapathy (1991) has produced a manual on waste heat boilers.

110 Cylinder piston connecting rod and crankshaft

In this figure the crank is of the single web or 'overhung' type, as used in many steam engines, and certain motor cycle engines, but the double-web type with a bearing on each side of the crank, is practically universal for internal combustion engines. This is illustrated in Fig. 1.2, which shows a cross-section through the cylinder, piston and connecting rod of the engine. A flywheel is mounted on the end of the crankshaft. The form and construction of the parts are considered later, only sufficient description being given here to enable their functions to be understood. Most steam engines and a few large gas engines work on the double-acting principle, in which the pressure of the steam or gaseous combustion acts alternately on each side of the piston. The cylinder is then double-ended and the piston takes the form of a symmetrical disc. The force acting on the piston is transmitted through a 'piston rod' to an external 'cross-head' which carries the gudgeon pin. The piston rod...

17 Stirling Engines For Artificial Hearts

Health from ils beginning in the mid-1960s to the present time. The two research contractors have been the Aerojet Liquid Rocket Company at Sacramento, California and the McDonnel-Douglas Corporation at Richland, Washington. A third program, begun somewhat later at the Thcr-moelectron Corporation, started with a Rankine-cycle steam engine. Resulting from progressive development, the engine became a 'tidal regenerator engine' and changed its character to a closed Stirling-cycle regenerative engine with a condensing evaporating working fluid. Finally a fourth program for circulatory assist devices, commencing in ihe early '70s was separately funded by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission with the Westinghouse Electric Co Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This started off as a rotary steam engine project but changed to a Stirling engine project with North American Philips Inc., New York, as the principal subcontractor.

105 Rubber spring bump or limiting stops

A Watt linkage (Fig. 10.43) was the original mechanism adopted by James Watt to drive his beam steam engine. This linkage is comprised of two link rods pivoting on the body structure at their outer ends and joined together at their inner ends by a coupler or equalizing arm which is pivoted at its centre to the middle of the rear axle. When in mid-position the link rods are parallel whereas the equalizing arm is perpendicular to both (Fig. 10.43(b)).

Explosion rupture disk device

Expanding brake (mech eng A brake that operates by moving outward against the inside rim of a drum or wheel. ik'spand-ig 'brak expansion (electr A process in which the effective gain of an amplifier is varied as a function of signal magnitude, the effective gain being greater for large signals than for small signals the result is greater volume range in an audio amplifier and greater contrast range in facsimile. (mech eng Increase in volume of working material with accompanying drop in pressure of a gaseous or vapor fluid, as in an internal combustion engine or steam engine cylinder. ik 'span-shan

31 Factory legislation

What were the essential features of a factory in the nineteenth century It employed large numbers of people in enormous rooms. Each operative tended a machine or group of machines which might be there to prepare raw cotton, to spin it or to weave it. The machines were driven by a line shaft, which in its turn was driven by a steam engine with its flywheel. The engine took its steam from a boiler, probably of the well known Lancashire type.

14Thermal efficiency

This range of temperature is greater in internal combustion engines than in steam engines, hence the former are inherently capable of higher thermal efficiencies, that is to say, thry are capable of converting into work a higher percentage of the total heat of the fuel with which they are supplied than the latter. Even so, the physical limitations are such that the thermal efficiency of a good petrol engine is not more than about 28 . The remaining heat supplied, which is not converted into work, is lost in the exhaust gases and cooling water, and in radiation.

11 Historical review

The first major step in machine design, which in turn heralded the industrial revolution, was the development of the steam engine. A problem that faced engineers at the time was how to control the speed of rotation of the engine without human intervention. Of the various methods attempted, the most successful was the use of a conical pendulum, whose angle of inclination was a function (but not a linear function) of the angular velocity of the shaft. This principle was employed by James Watt in 1769 in his design of a flyball, or centrifugal speed governor. Thus possibly the first system for the automatic control of a machine was born.

111Historical

The 1914-18 war gave considerable impetus to the development of the high speed diesel engine with its much higher specific output, with a view to extending its application to vehicles. Although the first generation of road transport engines were undoubtedly of the spark ignition variety, the somewhat later development of diesel engines operating on the self or compression ignition principle followed soon after so that by the mid 1930s the high speed normally aspirated diesel engine was firmly established as the most efficient prime mover for trucks and buses. At the same time with the increasing use of turbocharging it began to displace the highly inefficient steam engine in railway locomotives while the impending 1939-45 war gave a major impetus to the development of the highly supercharged diesel engine as a new aero engine, particularly in Germany.

Packing

The new increased demands on the stuffing box and stopa of the steam engine are obvious. The old rudder shaft of the ancient boat only moved sufficiently to change the direction of the boat. The reciprocating shaft of the steam engine is in constant movement, with more velocity and friction. Compare the temperature of seawater with the temperature of steam. On a sailboat rudder, the stopa had very little pressure to hold back (2.31 feet of depth is 1 psi). With refinements and improvements in steam engines, the pressures rapidly climbed through 10, 30, 50, 100 and 200 psi. Shortly after the development of the reciprocating steam engine, the positive displacement pump was born. These pumps could seal and generate pressures but with one weakness. The flow, or quantity of fluid that could pass through the pump, is a function of two factors first, the size of the pump casing, and second, the motor's speed. The reciprocating steam engine is powerful by design, but slow. With the existing...

Steam turbine

Steam engine mech eng A thermodynamic device for the conversion of heat in steam into work, generally in the form of a positive displacement, piston and cylinder mechanism. 'stem en-jan steam engine indicator eng An instrument that plots the steam pressure in an engine cylinder as a function of piston displacement. 'stem en-jan 'in-da.kSd-ar steam gage eng A device for measuring steam hammer mech eng A forging hammer in which the ram is raised, lowered, and operated by a steam cylinder. 'stem .ham-ar steam-heated evaporator mech eng Astruc-ture using condensing steam as a heat source on one side of a heat-exchange surface to evaporate liquid from the other side. 'stem heed-ad i'vap-a.raid-ar steam heating mech eng A system that used steam as the medium for a comfort or process heating operation. 'stem 'hed-ig steam jacket mech eng A casing applied to the cylinders and heads of a steam engine, or other space, to keep the surfaces hot and dry. 'stem .jak-at steam jet eng A blast of...

Liquid Cylinder

A reciprocating pump is not complete with a liquid end only it must also have a driving mechanism to provide motion and force to the plunger or piston. The two most common driving mechanisms are a reciprocating steam engine and a crank-and-throw device. Those pumps using the steam engine are called direct-acting steam pumps. Those pumps using the crank-and-throw device are called power pumps. Power pumps must be connected to an external rotating driving force, such as an electric motor, steam turbine, or internal combustion engine.

Reciprocating action

The ancient sailors would slowly rotate the rudder shaft to navigate the boat. This ancient design, the rotating rudder shaft and the stuffing box, has continued in existence down through the ages to today from the beginning of recorded time. The moment arrived when the rotary action was replaced with reciprocating action. In 1712, the reciprocating steam engine became a reality. A century later, after numerous failures, the steamboat was presented to a waiting public, able to navigate upstream against the current in rivers. Inside the engine, a load of steam was discharged against a piston and reciprocating shaft. Through a camshaft mechanism, the reciprocating shaft made propulsion paddlewheels rotate. In order to contain the steam inside the cylinders with the reciprocating rods and pistons, the old stuffing box design was incorporated, with its box housing, gland, and stopa material.

Slewing mechanism

Slide valve mech eng A sliding mechanism to cover and uncover ports for the admission of fluid, as in some steam engines. 'slTd .valv sliding-block linkage mech eng A mechanism in which a crank and sliding block serve to convert rotary motion into translation, or vice versa. 'slTd - ig blak 'lig-kij sliding-chain conveyor mech eng A conveying machine to handle cases, cans, pipes, or similar products on the plain or modified links of a set of parallel chains. 'slTd-ig chan ksn'va-sr

Cutting in

Cut nail des eng A flat, tapered nail sheared from steel plate it has greater holding power than a wire nail and is generally used for fastening flooring. 'kat .nal cutoff civ eng 1. A channel constructed to straighten a stream or to bypass large bends, thereby relieving an area normally subjected to flooding or channel erosion. 2. An impermeable wall, collar, or other structure placed beneath the base or within the abutments of a dam to prevent or reduce losses by seepage along otherwise smooth surfaces or through porous strata. electr 1. The minimum value of bias voltage, for a given combination of supply voltages, that just stops output current in an electron tube, transistor, or other active device. 2. See cutoff frequency. eng 1. A misfire in a round of shots because of severance of fuse owing to rock shear as adjacent charges explode. 2. The line on a plastic object formed by the meeting of the two halves of a compression mold. Also known as flash groove pinch-off. mech eng 1....

Technical Articles

Power is torque multiplied by engine speed to produce a measurement of the engine's ability to do work over a given period of time. The story of its origin is well known, but worth repeating, briefly. In the 18th century, steam engine inventor James Watt sought a way to equate the work his steam engine could perform to the number of horses required to perform the same task. Watt performed simple tests with a horse as it operated a gear-driven mine pump by pulling a lever connected to the pump. He determined that the horse was capable of traveling 181 feet per minute with 180 pounds of pulling force. This multiplied out to 32,580 lbs-ft per minute, which Watt rounded off to 33,000 lbs-ft per minute. Divided by 60 seconds, this yields 550 lbs-ft per second, which became the standard for 1 horsepower. Thus, horsepower is a measure of force in pounds against a distance in feet for a time period of one minute. By substituting an arbitrary lever length for the crankshaft stroke, you can...

131 History

In 1854, the Manchester Steam Users Association was formed to help with the prevention of explosions in steam boilers and to find efficient methods in their use. To achieve this, the Association employed the first boiler inspectors, whose services were then made available to the Association's members. Within a short space of time, the members became convinced that insurance to cover the high cost of repair or replacement of damaged boilers was desirable, and this resulted in the first boiler insurance company (The Steam Boiler Assurance Company) being formed in 1858. The scope of the services for inspection and insurance later extended to include pressure vessels, steam engines, cranes, lifts and electrical plant, the insurance protection in each case being supported by an inspection service carried out by qualified engineer surveyors.

Steam Cycles

In the open cycle, corresponding to an atmospheric back-pressure turbine, the pump raises the pressure of the water from atmospheric pressure at the point A to the working pressure of the boiler at point B. The water is then heated to boiling temperature (C) and evaporated at constant temperature (D). Superheating is represented in the T-s diagram by the line D-E. Expansion to exhaust at atmospheric pressure (the vertical line E-F) takes place in a steam engine such as a turbine. The work extracted from the process is represented by the upper shaded area of the T-s diagram. The heat input is represented by the shaded area plus that of the rectangular area below the line A-F.

272 World Energy

The use of energy from the distant past to the present has changed dramatically. Primitive man burned wood to cook and keep warm. For most of the past several thousands of years of recorded history, the only other sources of energy were the muscles of men and animals, wind for sails and windmills, and water power. The Industrial Revolution of the 1800s brought in the use of coal for steam engines and locomotives. Electric power from hydroelectric and coal-burning plants is an innovation of the late 1800s. Oil and natural gas became major sources of energy only in the twentieth century. Nuclear energy has been available for only about 50 years.

141 Introduction

During the past three decades, fuzzy logic has been an area of heated debate and much controversy. Zadeh, who is considered the founding father of the field, wrote the first paper in fuzzy set theory 1 , which is now considered to be the seminal paper of the subject. In that work, Zadeh was implicitly advancing the concept of human approximate reasoning to make effective decisions on the basis of available imprecise linguistic information 1 - 3 . The first implementation of Zadeh's idea was accomplished in 1975 by Mamdani, which demonstrated the viability of fuzzy logic control (FLC) for a small model steam engine 4 . After this pioneer work, many consumer products as well as other high tech. applications have been developed using fuzzy technology. A list of industrial applications and home appliances based on FLC can be found in several recent references 5 - 13 .

2122 Stirling engine

The Stirling engine, invented by Robert Stirling, first built in 1816 and subsequently produced on a small scale, is not an internal combustion power unit. Its working gas is cycled in a closed circuit, passing through a heat exchanger on the way round. Gases such as hydrogen, helium and freon have been used in the closed circuit. Originally, it was a viable alternative to the steam engine, for example in marine propulsion, but it has yet to be proved competitive with the internal combustion engine for road vehicle applications. However, it could become attractive owing to its virtually zero oil consumption and long intervals between oil changes, long service life, relative silence, a thermal efficiency potentially of about 40 to 45 at part load, acceptance of a wide variety of fuels in a continuously burning heater, and a very clean exhaust. Its disadvantages are complexity, bulk and weight. The specific weight of a 10 kW engine is about 10 kW kW, but becomes lower as the power...

Oiling Systems

Fi> 2_ It is largely employed for oiling Spring- small parts of valve motions, valve oifcr1 sP'ndles, etc., of steam engines, internal combustion engines and other power producers. Wick-feed oilers are employed for the lubrication of main bearings of marine steam engines and other prime movers, as well as for the lubrication of medium-size bearings of shafting and a variety of machines of all kinds. When feeding oil to the crank pins of horizontal steam engines and other prime movers, the so-called crank-pin oiler (Fig. 22) is often employed. The crank (A) is attached to the end of the main shaft (H) which is supported by the main bearing. To the crank pin (B) is fitted the right-angled oil tube (C), having a hollow enlargement (D) at its end, which is placed Ring-oiled main bearings are often used on gas engines and oil engines, as well as many stationary steam engines. This system is employed for lubricating a number of bearings in an enclosed casing and is frequently found in...

Iarly History

The earliest air engine recognized by Zarinchang (1972) was the 'atmospheric lire-wheel' of Amontons in France, 1699. Another early air-engine by H. Wood in 1759 used a modified Newcomen atmospheric steam engine 'operating on the principle of hot or rarefied air '. In 1797 Glaze brook described an open-cycle machine operating on what may be distinguished as the first hot-gas cycle with a compound working fluid. Shortly thereafter, in 1801, Glazebrook again, introduced the original use of a closed cycle with repeated use of the same working fluid. In 1807 Sir George Cayley, a Yorkshire squire, constructed an open-cycle. internal-combustion, hot-air engine that was probably the first engine ol this type to work properly. Cayley was the pioneer aeronautical engineer and wisely recognized that he was unlikely to get any of his gliders to fly under power with a contemporary steam engine, lie thus invented the new form of air engine and must have been exceedingly disappointed to find it...

Wiese formula

Wieseformula eng An empirical relationship for motor fuel antiknock values above 100 in relation to performance numbers basis for the American Society forTesting and Materials scale, in which octane numbers above 100 are related to increments of tetraethyllead added to isooctane. 've-zs .for-mys-ls Wildfence eng A wooden enclosure about 16 feet (4.8 meters) square and 8 feet (2.4 meters) high with a precipitation gage in its center the function of the fence is to minimize eddies around the gage, and thus ensure a catch which will be representative of the actual rainfall or snowfall. 'wTld .fens Willans line mech eng The line (nearly straight) on a graph showing steam consumption (pounds per hour) versus power output (kilowatt or horsepower) for a steam engine or turbine frequently extended to show total fuel consumed (pounds per hour) for gas turbines, internal combustion engines, and complete power plants. 'wil-snz .lTn winch mech eng A machine having a drum on which to coil a rope,...

Concrete cart

ksn'den-ssr .tranz'du-ssr condenser tubes mech eng Metal tubes used in a heat-transfer device, with condenser vapor as the heat source and flowing liquid such as water as the receiver. ksn'den-ssr .tubs condensing electrometer See capacitive electrometer. ks dens-ig s.lek'tram-sd-sr condensing engine mech eng A steam engine in which the steam exhausts from the cylinder to a vacuum space, where the steam is liquefied. ksn ens-ig en-jsn conditionally periodic motion mech Motion of a system in which each of the coordinates undergoes simple periodic motion, but the associated frequencies are not all rational fractions of each other so that the complete motion is not simply periodic. ksn'dish-sn-sl-e .pir-e ad-ik .mo-shsn