Recycling Scrap Metal for Money

Make Money Collecting Scrap Metal

Collecting and selling scrap metal can be far better than a having a real job, and this easy-to-read eBook guide gives you all of the tips and tricks that you need to know to earn a piece of this 10 billion industry. You can make a little bit of money on the side for the fun of it, you can make a modest household income, or you can choose to really make a ton of money selling scrap metal. All it takes is a bit of effort. Depending on how much work you put into the selling of the scrap metal, you can make a ton of money or a little bit. You don't have to have any kind of education to start making money right away. All it takes is the information in this eBook, and then you can start making the money that you deserve. Learn how to find and sell scrap metal today for a big profit! Read more here...

Make Money Collecting Scrap Metal Overview


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872Process Modification

There are several strategies related to process modification to reduce or eliminate SOx emissions. One strategy is to use an alternative method of generating the energy needed to process the materials. A common alternative is to use electrical energy instead of burning a fossil fuel. An example of a common industrial heating process used to make steel from scrap metal is known as an electric arc furnace or EAF (see Chap. 13). In an EAF, three graphite electrodes arranged in a triangle are inserted into a vessel containing a load of scrap metal. A very high voltage is applied which arcs between the electrodes through the scrap metal causing it to melt. The appropriate chemicals are added to the molten bath to produce the desired grade of steel. While electricity is often much more expensive than fossil fuels, the heating efficiency of the EAF is high, which makes it economical. However, this particular alternative is only a possibility for materials that are electrically conductive,...

73 Unburned Hydrocarbons

Unburned hydrocarbons (UHCs), sometimes referred to as products of incomplete combustion (PICs), are not typically present in the exhaust products of most industrial combustion processes because they signal poor operating conditions. Therefore, few emissions monitoring systems include analyzers for measuring unburned hydrocarbons. However, there are some applications where there is a variable amount of hydrocarbons present, usually in the incoming feed materials. For example, scrap metal often contains oil used to facilitate the cutting and drilling of the materials. For those special instances, UHCs can represent a particular emission control challenge because of the transient nature of operating conditions.

132 Ferrous Metal Production

Compared to large integrated mills has reduced production costs due to the focus on fewer products and generally reduced transportation costs. In general, much more scrap metal is used in mini-mills compared to integrated mills. Only a fraction of the energy required to produce steel from iron ore is needed to process scrap steel into a usable end product. While the per unit energy costs in a mini-mill may be considerably higher than those in an integrated mill, far less energy is needed per unit of steel produced, resulting in an overall cost reduction. These mills are also much more flexible in terms of what alloys can be made and in what quantities as it is not economic to make small runs of anything in the very large vessels used in integrated mills. Therefore, different production techniques are used in mini-mills to achieve this flexibility. One of these is the electric arc furnace, which is discussed in Sec. 13.2.1. One of the advantages of the EAF is that low-grade scrap metal...

Build Your Own Texas Grill

This is a do-it-yourself welding project that won't cost a fortune to build. And, with the right equipment this project requires only one person with little to no welding experience. A great start for the metal working hobbyist. If you've never welded before, just practice for an hour or so on scrap metal.

Recyclable Materials 40 Cfr 2616

Recycled hazardous wastes are known as recyclable materials. These materials remain hazardous, and their identification as recyclable materials does not exempt them from regulation. With certain exceptions, recyclable materials are subject to the requirements for generators, transporters, and storage facilities. The exceptions are wastes regulated by other sections of the regulations and wastes that are exempt, including waste recycled in a manner constituting disposal waste burned for energy recovery in boilers and industrial furnaces waste from which precious metals are reclaimed or spent lead-acid batteries being reclaimed. Wastes generally exempt from regulation are reclaimed industrial ethyl alcohol, used batteries or cells returned to a battery manufacturer for regeneration, scrap metal, and materials generated in a petroleum refining facility. Recycled used oil is subject to used oil management standards (Part 279 of RCRA).

1826Feed Materials

There are likely to be some changes in the feed materials processed in industrial combustion systems, in many cases to reduce pollution emissions. Some examples will illustrate this trend. In high-temperature glass processes, one of the feed materials referred to as niter contains nitrogen that contributes to NOx emissions. Less niter and replacements for niter will be used to reduce NOx. Incoming scrap metal will continue to be pretreated to reduce pollution. This includes removing materials that are not needed in the production process and that increase emissions. An example is plastics, which could produce dioxins and furans. The oil-based solvents in printing inks that cause VOC emissions are being replaced by aqueous solvents that are environmentally benign. The use of feed material preparation is likely to increase. An example is the shredding of incoming scrap metal to be charged into a melting furnace. More material can be charged and less energy is required per unit of charge...

4252 Transient

Transient or time-varying calculations are rarely made for large-scale industrial combustion processes due to the large computational time required, which usually exceeds the amount of time allowed for the needed simulations. As computer speeds continue to increase, this type of computation will increase in popularity for those applications that have significant variations during a given cycle. A good example of such an application is scrap-metal melting. Initially, a charge of cold solid scrap metal is charged into a colder furnace. Then, the burners begin to heat up and melt down the metal, as well as heat up the furnace. At any given time there may be a mixture of solid and liquid metal. When the charge is at or nearly fully molten, a second charge of cold scrap may be added to the first melted charge. Several more charges are possible, depending on the application. An accurate simulation of this process should include a fully transient computation.

Offsite Recovery

If the amount of waste generated on-site is insufficient for a cost-effective recovery system, or if the recovered material cannot be reused on-site, off-site recovery is preferable. Materials commonly reprocessed off-site are oils, solvents, electroplating sludges and process baths, scrap metal, and lead-acid batteries. The cost of off-site recycling depends upon the purity of the waste and the market for the recovered materials.

13211 Melting Cycle

The EAF is a batch process where heats or cycles may take anywhere from 1 to 5h, depending on the size and quality of the charge materials, the power input to the furnace including supplemental fossil-fuel firing, and the quality of the steel being produced. An initial charge of scrap metal is placed in the furnace. Often a pool of molten metal, referred to as a heal, from the previous charge is left behind. One of the strengths of the EAF process is the wide range of scrap metal that can be processed. The scrap may be pretreated by removing contaminants such as paints and varnishes, preheating the scrap with a heat recuperation system, and or shredding the scrap to increase the loading density. Fluxes such as lime and dolomite are added to the scrap to provide a protective slag layer on the top of the molten metal, which also pulls contaminants out of the metal. For example, lime is used as a flux to reduce the sulfur and phosphorus content of the molten metal. After a charge has...

961 Pretreatment

Another example of pretreatment is to remove possible particulate sources from incoming raw materials. An example is cleaning of scrap metal prior to its introduction into a melting furnace. There are several ways that may be done. One way is some type of spray washing system where the scrap metal is cleaned. The problem with this technique is that if the parts are not dried prior to putting them into the furnace, then there are some safety concerns where rapid vaporization of water on the scrap could produce a vapor explosion under the molten metal. Another potential problem is that the water in the cleaning system presents a significant added heat load that reduces the overall thermal efficiency of the process. A specific challenge of scrap metal is paint and other coatings on the parts that can become a source of particulates in the combustor. Spraying a cryogenic like liquid nitrogen on to the scrap parts causes the outer surface to freeze preferentially. The coating contracts and...

1142 Sources

The most common potential source of dioxins and furans from an industrial combustion application is from waste incineration. This is discussed in more detail in Chap. 16. Other potential industrial combustion sources of dioxins are from cement kilns, light aggregate kilns, sewage sludge treatment, ferrous and nonferrous metal smelting operations, scrap metal recovery furnaces, high-temperature steel production, kraft black liquor boilers, and boilers burning hazardous wastes. For example, Buekens et al. 87 showed that dioxins furans may be present in iron and steel manufacturing, copper smelters, and aluminum plants. Anderson and Fisher 88 showed that iron and steel production in the U.K. is a source of dioxins. Birat et al. 89 showed that dioxins may be found in the exhaust gases from electric arc furnaces. Zheng et al. 90 showed that dioxins furans may be present in pulp mills. All of these processes are typically highly regulated, continuously monitored, and


Table 10.2.1 also shows generation rates for solid waste other than MSW. The quantity of other waste, most of which is bulky waste, is roughly half the quantity of MSW. The proportion of bulky and other waste varies, however, and is heavily influenced by the degree to which recycled bulky materials are counted as waste. The quantities of bulky waste shown for Atlantic and Cape May counties, New Jersey, include large amounts of recycled concrete, asphalt, and scrap metal. See also Component Composition of Bulky Waste in Section 10.3.

Bottle Bills

Bottle bills, while having achieved partial success, should be integrated into overall recycling programs, which include office paper and newspaper recycling, cardboard collection from commercial establishments, curbside recycling, establishment of buy-back recycling centers, wood waste and metal recycling, glass and bottle collection from bars and restaurants, and composting programs. Advertising and public education are important elements in the overall recycling strategy. Street signs, door hangers, utility-bill inserts, and phone book, bus, and newspaper advertisements are all useful. The most effective longrange form of public education is to teach school-children the habits of recycling.

38 Recycle Reuse RCY

If an insufficient amount of waste is generated onsite to make an in-plant recovery system cost effective, or if the recovered material cannot be reused onsite, offsite recovery is preferable. Some materials commonly reprocessed offsite are oils, solvents, electroplating sludges and process baths, scrap metal, and lead-acid batteries. The cost of offsite recycling is dependent upon the purity of the waste and the market for the recovered material.

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